The 5., . And the object of this was that though the dead have been judged as all men are in respect of the flesh they might yet live as God lives in respect of the spirit.— , with a view to the final judgment or = , . Offer hospitality to one another without grumbling. Prodigality is in fact a destruction of oneself as well as one’s property (Eth. St. Paul states it in other words, ; compare the death-bed confession of the Jew, “O may my death be an atonement for all the sin ’ of which I have been guilty against thee”. So let even those who suffer in accordance with the will of God with a faithful Creator deposit their souls in well-doing. Sirach 29:25-28 describes how a stranger who outstays his welcome is first set to menial tasks and then driven out. It is not impossible that is an insertion by first or later scribes for the benefit of Greek readers. Even Christians, who have died spiritually and ethically (Romans 8:10), can only hope wistfully to escape it (2 Corinthians 5:2 ff.). (elsewhere in N.T. The Seer is the model for the Christian preacher: Numbers 24:4, . 15). The inns were little better than brothels and Christians were commonly poor. Polybius has it in the same sense followed by dative, acc., with acc. The Glory is a name of God in the Targums (so John 12:41 = Isaiah 6:5; Onkelos has for ) and its use here is probably due to the juxtaposition of Isaiah 11:10, his rest shall be glorious. is the faithful Creator to whom the soul He gave and redeemed (Ps. (cf.Ezekiel 7:4, the has come); the slaughter of Israelites who are not marked with Tau, is ordained by the Glory of the God of Israel; the Lord said, and the men began at ( ) the elders who were within in the house. And what makes the difference is obedience to Christ. The abuse is directed against the apostate heathens and implies blasphemy in its technical sense as opposed to the giving glory to God (1 Peter 2:12). Already He possesses the glory and the victory; realising this His followers endure joyfully their present suffering and defeat. Christ having died to flesh, arm yourselves with the same thought that (or because) he that died hath ceased to sins.— Peter goes back to the starting point of 1 Peter 3:18 in order to emphasise the import of the first step taken by Christ and His followers, apart now from the consequences. The plain sense of the aphorism has been evaded by the LXX ( ) and Syriac translators substitutes shame for love. This idea is expressed even more strongly by St. Paul (Colossians 1:24). 11. (1 Peter 5:1) but the test is internal—in what frame of mind will they meet it? The dative . The Beautitude, ’ is supported by prophecy which referred originally to the root of Jesse. as subject.— , acts of licentiousness (as in Polybius); so Sap. God has built sexual desire into humans. Verse 9. l.c.) suggests (Matthew 5:1)—but so to limit it would be a gratuitious injustice to the author. only occurs once elsewhere in N.T., Hebrews 4:12, , but is common in LXX of Proverbs; compare (e.g.) Peter writes that Christians should do this "above all." Christ Himself was implicitly accused thereof by His persecutors and acquitted of each by independent witnesses, as the Gospels are at pains to show. above.— , corresponds to (1 Peter 4:3); cf.1 Peter 1:13, 1 Peter 5:8. That Judgment begins at the House of God is a deduction from the vision of Ezekiel 9. 4:6a Greek preached even to the dead. 1 Peter 4:3. It would be difficult for anyone who does not design websites to appreciate how much effort and work must have gone in to produce it. The Expositor's Greek Testament. Such slanders the Christian must rebut for the credit of his Lord; that he must not be guilty of such crimes goes without saying.— is distinguished from the preceding accusations by the insertion of ; it is also an addition to the pattern of Christ, unless stress be laid on the sneer, He saved others. Proverbs 2:2, ( , discernment) shall keep thee. (1 Peter 4:3) cf.4 Maccabees 1:31, temperance is restraint of lust. Messiah) from his roots shall grow and there shall rest upon him the spirit of Jehovah. Retail: $39.99. . 1 Peter 4:9 in all English translations. Living for God. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient. Thus in 1 Peter Silas’s Greek may be seen, while in 2 Peter it may be Peter’s rough Greek that appears. Hospitality is the practical proof of this love; its practice was necessary to the cohesion of the scattered brotherhood as to the welfare of those whose duties called them to travel. Hospitality is the practical proof of this love; its practice was necessary to the cohesion of the scattered brotherhood as to the welfare of those whose duties called them to travel. Some also maintain that the book reflects a situation that did not exist until after Peter’s death, suggesting that the persecution referred to in 4:14–16; 5:8–9 is descriptive of Domitian’s reign (a.d. 81–96). 1 Peter 4:9. John 1:22.— put for in accordance with the saying thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself as much as with the contemporary practice.— ’ , quotation of Proverbs 10:12, love hides all transgressions which was adduced by Jesus (Luke 7:47). The First Epistle of Peter, usually referred to simply as First Peter and often written 1 Peter, is a book of the New Testament.The author presents himself as Peter the Apostle.The text of the letter includes a statement that implies that it was written from "Babylon", which is possibly a reference to Rome.The letter is addressed to various churches in Asia Minor suffering religious persecution. 1 Peter 4:12. marks the beginning of the third division of the Epistle in which Peter having cleared the ground faces at last the pressing problem.— , be surprised, as in 1 Peter 4:4.— , the ordeal which is in your midst or rather in your hearts.— , cf. Hermas, Sim., ix. This is a truly remarkable Greek - English Interlinear Bible of the New Testament from Biblos, which will be a total blessing to anyone interested in a deeper study of the Greek New Testament. 1 Peter 4:9 Greek Study Bible (Apostolic / Interlinear) φιλόξενοι εἰς ἀλλήλους ἄνευ γογγυσμοῦ, KJV with Strong's Use hospitality one to another __ without grudging. Use hospitality one to another without grudging. Retail: $14.99. The currency of the true version is attested by James 5:20, he that converted a sinner ’ . φιλόξενοι εἰς ἀλλήλους ἄνευ γογγυσμοῦ, Westcott/Hort with Diacritics φιλόξενοι εἰς ἀλλήλους ἄνευ γογγυσμοῦ, Byzantine/Majority Text (2000) φιλοξενοι εις αλληλους ανευ γογγυσμων Greek Orthodox Church φιλόξενοι εἰς ἀλλή� Earlier of wanton violence arising out of drunkenness (Demosthenes).— , wine-bibbings, Deuteronomy 21:20, = . It is God’s will that he share Christ’s sufferings in whatever degree; let him in this also copy Christ, who said, Father into thy hands I commit my spirit (Luke 23:46 = Psalms 31:6) and bade His disciples lose their souls that they might find them unto life eternal. 1 Peter 4:4. , whereat, i.e. The Gospel or Word, which God spake in a Son, succeeds to the law as the expression of the will against which all but the remnant (Ez. 1 Peter 4:7 The end of all things is near; therefore, be of sound judgment and sober spirit for the purpose of prayer. 1 Peter 4:3 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 1 Peter 4:3, NIV: "For you have spent enough time in the past doing what pagans choose to do--living in debauchery, lust, drunkenness, orgies, carousing and detestable idolatry." If any . 1 Peter 4:11 follows the primitive division of ministry into that of the word and that of tables (Acts 6:2-4); compare prophecy and ministry (in narrower sense like here) of Romans 12:6.— covers all the speaking described in 1 Corinthians 12:8; 1 Corinthians 12:10, to one by means of the spirit hath been given a word of wisdom, etc.’ 1 Corinthians 14:6; 1 Corinthians 14:26.— (perhaps echoes of Romans 12:6) as being God’s oracles or as speaking God’s oracles. l.c.) Chrysostom cites the examples of Abraham and Lot (cf. - Interlinear Study Bible This axiom is better taken as explaining the same thought than as motive for . Living for God's Glory. Douay Rheims 1:9 Receiving the end of your faith, even the salvation of your souls. Interestingly, the name that Jesus gave to Peter (Petros) means “rock.” In 1 Peter 2:5-9, however, Peter uses the Greek word lithos for stone, and not petros (rock), and so he does not draw any attention to his name in this discourse. The judgment is imminent because all necessary preliminaries have been accomplished. . . History marches on towards a close, and Christ may return as judge at any time. The Christian must still follow the pattern. 2 Peter 1:4 Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is … Nic., iv. ., that though they had been judged in respect of flesh as men are judged they might live in respect of spirit as God lives. 1 Peter 4:10 f. supplement the foregoing directions for the inner life of the Church and rest partly on Romans 12:6 (with simpler classification of gifts), partly on the conception of disciples as stewards (Luke 12:42) serving out rations in God’s house.— , in the widest sense (as in Acts 6:1; Acts 6:4; 1 Corinthians 12:5) in accordance with the saying, the Son of Man came ’ to minister (Mark 10:45), which is interpreted here, as part of the pattern, by the addition of an object (only here and 1 Peter 1:12); cf.2 Corinthians 8:19, ’ .— . 1 Peter 4:2. Retail: $29.99. 1, 2) and the making of garments surprised God (Acts 17:4).— , from Psalms 50:18, LXX, if thou sawest a thief, , and with adulterers thou didst set thy portion; where consent has been rendered as if from run. Our Price: $10.49. An elaborate description of this spirit follows, which Peter summarises by . Practice hospitality to one another (those of the household of faith). 4:6c Or in spirit. .— , to dead men generally, but probably as distinct from the rebel spirits who were presumably immortal and could only be imprisoned. The united advocacy of this virtue was successful—so much so that the Didache has to provide against abuses such as Lucian depicts in the biography of Peregrinus “a Christian traveller shall not remain more than two or three days ’ if he wishes to settle ’ is unskilled and will not work he is a , makes his Christian profession his merchandise.”— , used despite above and below, perhaps because the recipients of hospitality belong necessarily to other Churches.— , St. Peter guards against the imperfection of even Christian human nature. Their duty is to their new Father.— ’ gives the result of . 4:6b Or so although people had judged them worthy of death. 1 Peter 4:5. , will render account—if of their blasphemy, cf.Matthew 12:36, if of their (see note) cf. The Greek, which probably represents a different Hebrew text, is more apt to his purpose and to the teaching of Jesus, which provoked the question, Who then can be saved (Mark 10:24-26). But we are to restrict that desire to the one we marry. For ; cf.Mark 9:41, . ., from Matthew 5:12, . The use of the rare indicates the saying which St. Peter here applies, sufficient unto the day [that is past] its evil. 1 Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, to the strangers scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia,. [⇑ See verse text ⇑] Peter continues teaching how Christians should live in response to the understanding that the end of all things is near. is due to the common construction of . . is the excess of liberality, but is applied in complex sense to . Greek Study Bible. The word was apparently coined to express the idea of the itinerant philosopher of whatever sect current among the unphilosophical. Learn greek 1 peter 4 with free interactive flashcards. rebel. For . 1 Peter 4:9 . Women generally if unattached were prone to be not merely idle but meddlers speaking what they should not (1 Timothy 5:13). Study This × Bible Gateway Plus. , 1 Corinthians 10:14 ff.— , a Jew’s description of current Pagan cults, which were often illicit according to Roman law. 1 Peter 4:9.Hospitality is the practical proof of this love; its practice was necessary to the cohesion of the scattered brotherhood as to the welfare of those whose duties called them to travel.The inns were little better than brothels and Christians were commonly poor. 4 Therefore, since Christ suffered in his body, arm yourselves also with the same attitude, because whoever suffers in the body is done with sin. 14:26. The parallel between the dead and Christ is exact (see 1 Peter 3:20). A liturgical formula such as this is necessarily capable of many special meanings.— may refer particularly to the gifts or their possessors—hardly to the Gentiles as Oec. 1 Peter 4:8. , St. Peter emphasises the pre-eminent importance of love of man as much as St. cf. 1 Peter 5:9 Whom resist steadfast in the faith, knowing that the same afflictions … 1 Corinthians 10:13 There has no temptation taken you but such as is common to man: but … 1 Thessalonians 3:2-4 And sent Timotheus, our brother, and minister of God, and our fellow … 1 Peter 4:19. Our Price: $14.99 Save: $15.00 (50%) Buy Now. (NASB: Lockman)Greek: Panton de to telos e ggiken. 81) ’ neither meddler— —nor busybody is such an one; for he is not busy about alien things— —when he inspects the actions and relations of mankind— (ib. . Thus “sober” is the opposite of “lasciviousness” (1 Peter 4:3). St. James (1 Peter 5:10) follows Jesus in appealing to the pattern of the prophets. Chrysostom cites the examples of Abraham and Lot (cf.Hebrews 13:2). using hospitality one to another without murmuring: AMP. ... 1 Peter 2:9. With this teaching Peter combines that of the Psalmist which is assumed by Jesus (Matthew 6:25 ff. The construction is broken (for the will ’ to have been accomplishe ’ for you walking) unless . 1 Peter 4:9 in all English translations. The dative after . Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Greek Scripture. But it is preliminary to the Last Judgment (Hebrews 9:27), at which believers, who are quickened spiritually, cannot be condemned to the second death (Revelation 20:6). Death is the judgment or sentence passed on all men (Sirach 14:17 = Genesis 2:17; Genesis 3:19). 1 Peter: Trials, Holy Living & The Lord's Coming Click chart to enlarge Chart from Jensen's Survey of the NT - used by permission Another Chart from Charles Swindoll - click chart on right side. Compare Matthew 25:31 ff. 508 f., description of evolution of air from fire, water from air, land from water). As already Enoch (lxix. - Be hospitable to one another without complaint. According to Aristotle . NIV Quest Study Bible: The Question and Answer Bible, Hardcover. So St. Peter said at Caesarea this is he that hath been appointed by God judge of living and dead (Acts 10:43). . 14:21â27, followed by Romans 1:29, etc.— ’ , from 2 Kings 17:8, . So St. Peter (cf.1 Corinthians 10:27) has emphasised the duty of all Christians—even of the wives of heathen husbands—to preach Christianity only by example and now deprecates their acquiescence in what some might reckon a title of honour. Douay Rheims 1:9 Receiving the end of your faith, even the salvation of your souls. 1 Peter 4:17. 1 Peter 4:6. 22, 23) ’ a spy of what is helpful and harmful to me ’ he approaches all men, cares for all (ib. , Hebrews 4:9). In the Greek Bible the perfect passive occurs only once (Exodus 9:34) outside Isaiah 1:-31., where it is used three times to render (cf. for the fight with sin and sinners whom you have deserted.— ’ . Strom., vi. Al. Violence and lust are classed with drunkenness, which breeds and fosters them. KJ21. Compare Ezekiel 44:6, . 1 Peter 4:9 Translation & Meaning. Peter comforts the suffering Christians in Asia Minor with the statement that the end, the completion or consummation, of all things, everything, is near. softens the rugged original. Save: $4.50 (30%) Buy Now. cf.Acts 10:28, it is unlawful for a Jew to associate with a foreigner, and 2 Maccabees 4:5; 2 Maccabees 7:1 (of swine flesh). The entire chapter 1 Peter 2 interlinear (Greek/English), translated word by word and with Greek grammar parsing codes, free online. King James Version (KJV) Public Domain . , the final revelation represents an original wordplay on the quoted = . The title is applied to all and not only to the governors as by St. Paul (1 Corinthians 4:1; Titus 1:7); compare the question of St. Peter which precedes the source (Luke 12:41 f.). As regards the dead Christ descended into Hades to preach there and so was followed by His Apostles. 1 Peter 4:1. 27 = John 5:22; John 5:27) taught that this judgment was delegated to Messiah. The new Israel has precedence like the old even in condemnation; cf.Romans 2:8 f., ’ ’ ’ ’ .— ’ , cf.Mark 1:14. . is analogous to that following ( ); the v.l. the steward of Luke 16:2.— , i.e., to Christ rather than to God (as 1 Peter 1:17). To suffer in Christ’s name is to suffer as representing Christ and so to share His sufferings.— . 1. Oecumenius rightly condemns the view, which adds in trespasses and sins or takes dead in a figurative sense, despite the authority of e.g., Augustine (Ep., 164, Â§Â§ 1â18).— , the Gospel was preached, the impersonal passive leaves the way open for the development of this belief according to which not Christ only but also the Apostles preached to the dead. For the reproach cf.Hebrews 13:13, let us come out to him bearing His reproach, with Psalms 89, so remember Lord the reproaches ( LXX) of thy servants.— ’ , quoted from a current Targum of Isaiah 11:1 f., a branch ( : LXX, : Targ. 1 Peter 4:9 Parallel Greek Texts. The grace of God is the means by which a believer survives in a Godless world. To the summary excerpt from Ezekiel Peter appends the Septuagint version of Proverbs 11:31, which is followed by the Syriac and partially by the Targum: The original—according to the Masoretic text—is Behold or if the righteous will be punished on the earth: how much more the wicked and the sinner. 1 Peter 5. 1 Peter 4:9. 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