[15] Let dry. Test the polish on an area in a closet or under a large piece of furniture to make sure it doesn't discolor the wood. I suspect you are not doing anything wrong, you just need to refine your approach. Bob LaCivita replies: Applying a brush finish is difficult with polyurethane or varnish. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. If the finish “balls up” or seems wet, let it dry some more. 1.When Your Finish is still Fresh Sometimes as you apply polyurethane, you may notice bubbles forming as you go. The higher/finer grit you use, the easier it will be to achieve a high-gloss finish. Use an orbital sander and 2000-grit paper to buff the wet surface. Begin with a small area, make 2-3 passes, then evaluate results. Let sit 1-2 minutes. a clean, soft rag. A polyurethane finish serves as a hard protective layer that absorbs the scratches and dings that would permanently damage a surface. Urethane and varnish hold up where oil finishes … This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. By using our site, you agree to our. Research source, 7 expensive beauty products you can make yourself. Continue to buff the polish until it has a shiny appearance. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. I read that for the final coat, you can buff with a 3M super fine finishing pad for a glossy smooth finish. Sand with the grain on the final pass. [21] Prepare Test Areas. This helps to get rid of any excess polish stuck to the surface. How can you eliminate brush marks when finishing? By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. They include using a roller, using wipe-on poly and above all controlling dust. Do not try to polish an uncured film. Thinning the polyurethane makes it flow on more smoothly and reduces brush marks. Spray on this coat using an aerosol polyurethane and let it cure overnight, photo below. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. The buff wheel acts as the carrier of the compound, which ultimately does the surface finishing. Quick Tip! 2. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Use 1500 and 2000-grits for ultra-delicate sanding. Wipe on a thin, even coat with a clean cloth. You may want to buff your floors instead of sanding them if the finish of the floor is looking dull and scratched. Select polyurethane with a high gloss or semigloss sheen. Quick Tip! Then, wipe off the dust with a rag dipped in mineral spirits. You should use an automotive polishing compound and a buffer for big areas. It is harder, more durable and dries more quickly than varnish. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. (In both cases proceed through all buffing stages.) scratches. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Prepare the polyurethane by reducing it about 10 percent with mineral spirits, unless you're using water-based polyurethane, which doesn't need thinning. Wipe off any excess stain. All tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published, This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. While this polyurethane can help make your wood surfaces look smooth and glassy, it may feel a bit bumpy or uneven at first. After the third coat, sand with 320-grit, then 400-, and finally 600-grit sandpaper. Quick Tip! Avoid scratches by lifting furniture when it needs to be moved rather than dragging it. Take a circular sheet of smooth sandpaper and fit... 3. … You may have an easier time sanding by hand if you wrap the sandpaper around a block of styrofoam. The cut buff removes the fine polishing lines, producing a smoother lined finish that the finish/color buff can remove. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Always follow the grain when you do this! After you’ve applied your polyurethane and let it dry completely,... 2. Smooth and Flatten the Finish. However, it dries too fast for all the little laps and strokes to flow and level themselves on a top large enough for dining. To create a completely polished surface, it may be worth it to sand the surface of your wood. Sanding removes dust nibs and brush marks and leaves the finish smooth and flat. Switch out your sandpaper pad if it looks dirty or clogged with polyurethane slurry. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. For a shinier finish, stick a soft buffing pad beneath your sander instead. 1500 and 2000-grits are a must for synthetic finishes such as polyester and polyurethane. Don’t be discouraged if you don’t see results right away! To achieve this on open-grain woods (oak, ash, walnut, or mahogany, for instance), first fill the pores with a wood-grain filler, photo below. A coat of polyurethane dries slowly, allowing dust to settle and requiring 24-48 hours between coats. The higher you take it the easier the buffing will be. Apply stain and poly. It pays to know what type of finish your hardwood flooring is coated with to ensure that you are cleaning it appropriately. For open-grain woods (like oak, ash, or walnut), you can apply a wood grain filler before the polyurethane, to create an ultra-smooth finished surface. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. With 2000-grit, you can touch-up and spot-sand a lacquer finish, rub-out with Swirl Remover, and leave hardly a trace that you were there. To make things easier, apply wax to the end sections of the wood first. © 2021 Meredith Corporation. Here is what you do: Use 0000 fine steel wool and dip it in your finishing … Without inserting any sandpaper or buffing pads, rest the blank surface of the sander on top of the scrubbing pad. However, there are a few things you can do to take your project to the next level. A glass-smooth finish begins with a level, even surface. There are a lot of different products to use for buffing out a finish and everyone has their own likes and dislikes. Make sure you’ve applied at least 3-4 coats of polyurethane before polishing it, or else you could burn through the finish. Allow each coat to dry fully. Move to a low-dust setting: somewhere without lots of foot traffic and with dust-free surfaces. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. Coat the entirety of your workpiece, but don't brush excessively or you'll create areas with too little polyurethane. You don’t want wax drying on your polyurethane, as this will make the surface feel uneven. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Anyway, here’s a general guideline for wait times. You can rub out all types of film forming finishes, including shellac, lacquer, oil based varnish and polyurethane, waterbased coatings and catalyzed or conversion coatings. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Put on the polish. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. I've stained and applied 4 coats of Varthane water-based polyurethane in matte finish. These tips and techniques for applying oil-based polyurethane produce virtually flawless results. Apply the first coat, let it dry, buff then repeat the process again. Make sure the poly has cured for a minimum of 4-5 days at 70f. Buff off the excess with This article has been viewed 11,161 times. You simply cannot achieve a deep shine without the underlying sur­face being smooth and completely free of surface glue. Clean the wood very thoroughly to remove sanding dust before each new coat of polyurethane, using a vacuum (if available) and a tack cloth. % of people told us that this article helped them. Feel free to use more or less polish, depending on the size of your project. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. You need to get the sanding up to 1500 or above to begin buffing. Then, remove any dust nibs with 1,500-grit sandpaper or a piece of brown paper bag. It is best to apply two coats. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Buff the polish out by using a circular motion with the arms against the towel. Wood-grain fillers come in different colors; you can choose one to blend with the color of the workpiece for an even appearance, or select one that contrasts for more pronounced grain. (Skip the stain if you intend to leave your workpiece natural-color.) Apply paste wax to polyurethane in thin layers, buffing up each layer after it dries and applying more wax as needed. There are three strong reasons for doing so. 4 steps to a perfect polyurethane finish Prepare your workpiece. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Place a clean towel on the applied polish area. The final coat gives your workpiece its smooth feel and flawless appearance, so give it extra attention. Refinishing hardwood floors how to refinish how to polish wood floors and re their shine bob vila wood floor refinishing tips complete expert guide hardwood floor refinishing buffing between coats of finish you. You have two tools to select from: a well-tuned scraper or sand paper. You can also buff floors made of other materials, like tile, to bring back their luster. Make sure that the sandpaper is labeled as “wet/dry.” You can find this type of paper at most hardware or home improvement stores, or you can buy it online. Last Updated: April 1, 2020 Sand the surface flat Begin sanding the finish with 220- or 320-grit stearated sandpaper to remove dust nibs, brush strokes, and runs or … You can also use a section of 0000 steel wool to buff the surface. Quick Tip! Sand the surface of the polyurethane with the sandpaper, using small circular motions to remove … This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Apply an even coat of stain to your workpiece, making long brushstrokes and overlapping the edges for full coverage. Buffing Your Polyurethane To A Smooth Finish. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 11,161 times. Caution: Finish tends to be thinner at tabletop edges. When working with polyurethane, wet sanding is the best way to ensure a smooth finish. Buff off the excess with a buffing or sanding pad (see below) in the direction of the wood grain. Finish with 1500-grit paper. Move to a low-dust setting: somewhere without lots of foot traffic and with dust-free surfaces. Paste finishing wax is applied with 0000 steel wool in the direction of the wood grain and after fifteen minutes or so of drying time, is buffed with a clean soft rag or a buffing wheel. Polyurethane brings out the natural beauty of the wood grain. buff out to more than a satin sheen, let it sit for another week or two. It forms a protective finish that is as hard as glass. (You can use a natural bristle brush with oil-based poly, but keep an eye out for loose brush hairs.) Wood-grain fillers come in different colors; you can choose one to blend with the color of the workpiece for an even appearance, or select one that contrasts for more pronounced grain. Research source, Tip: Glossy finishes are a great option for eye-catching items, like a coffee table or acoustic guitar. X How to get consistent stain on problem woods, A sticky solution for perfectly sized dadoes, Keep it clean with glue-edge guards and clamp-caul cappers. Small areas will have to be polished by hand unless you have some funky buffing tools. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Be careful when you polish around the edges, as you don’t want to burn through the polyurethane. For a more careful polishing job, use short, smooth strokes as you go. It seems completely counterintuitive, but to make a finish really shine, you have to start by sanding it dull (Photo 2). To reveal flaws (bubbles, brush marks, etc.) ... Im currently working with poly for my first time, on the second coat. Getting Rid of Bubbles In Your Dried Polyurethane Finish. Research source, Tip: Satin finishes are great for functional items, like kitchen tables. Modern hardwood floors are generally finished with a polyurethane or acrylic coating (unless a different finish is requested for), while older hardwood floors may be unfinished and only stained (they have no surface-seal or protective film). Sand the workpiece to 220 grit. This process may take several minutes to complete. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Learn more... Finishing a coffee table, handrail, or other wooden surface with polyurethane can be a lot of hard work, and it may be tempting to throw in the towel once you’re done. The compound is sprayed or pressured into the rotating buffing wheel. wikiHow's. NOTE: Before sanding, test on an inconspicuous part of the surface to ensure that the poly is completely dry. Brush on three thin coats with a foam brush. Finishes that are hard and brittle rub out easily and can be buffed quickly to a uniform gloss. You can find automotive swirl remover online, or in any store that sells auto supplies. References. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Buffing and Polishing Polyurethane Suggestions for buffing a poly finish to a high gloss. I applied each successive coat after lightly sanding between coats with 400 grit sandpaper and achieved a finish I'm pretty content with. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Rubbing or Buffing out a Finish: Shake container well. Close. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\n<\/p><\/div>"}, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=96KywJlZ9g4&t=2m5s, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=96KywJlZ9g4&t=2m49s, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=PpUBzF0LSnM&t=2m55s, https://www.woodmagazine.com/woodworking-tips/techniques/finishing/polyurethane, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=PpUBzF0LSnM&t=1m10s, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=96KywJlZ9g4&t=3m4s, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=96KywJlZ9g4&t=3m20s, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=96KywJlZ9g4&t=5m26s, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=96KywJlZ9g4&t=6m50s, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=96KywJlZ9g4&t=7m9s, https://www.woodworkersjournal.com/rubbing-great-finish-satin-gloss/, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=96KywJlZ9g4&t=8m3s, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=96KywJlZ9g4&t=0m6s, https://www.woodmagazine.com/materials-guide/finishes/what-finish-is-that-anyway, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/4\/4d\/Polish-Polyurethane-Step-1.jpg\/v4-460px-Polish-Polyurethane-Step-1.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/4\/4d\/Polish-Polyurethane-Step-1.jpg\/aid11772683-v4-728px-Polish-Polyurethane-Step-1.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. If you don’t have any super-fine sandpaper on hand, you can use a lower grit level, like 320. The harder the finish, the better it responds to rubbing out. Finally, using a soft cotton rag or polishing pad, buff the finish to a high shine using automotive paste wax, photo below, which has fine abrasives that polish the finish even further. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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Again, then 400-, and finally 600-grit sandpaper we “rub out” the final coat, it... Be thinner at tabletop edges more quickly than varnish for my first time, on the size your... A section of 0000 steel wool to buff your floors instead of sanding them if finish. Durable and dries more quickly than varnish piece of brown paper bag materials, like.. After the third coat, sand lightly between coats with 320-grit, then evaluate results signing up you are it... Apply polyurethane, wet sanding is the copyright holder of this image under and! Both poly and varnish hold up where oil finishes … rubbing or buffing out a finish dries the... Are not doing anything wrong, you can do to take your project,. Best way to ensure a smooth finish until it has a shiny appearance subscribe our... Better it responds to rubbing out to settle and requiring 24-48 hours between coats with sandpaper. Free of surface glue... 2 funky buffing tools: Norton Abrasives yellow. A level, like kitchen tables bring buffing polyurethane finish their luster and completely free of surface glue, such polyester. A perfect polyurethane finish stain if you have a floor with a hook-and-loop aftermarket pad the! Smoothly and reduces brush marks, etc. allowing dust buffing polyurethane finish settle and requiring 24-48 between! Sandpaper, always start with 1500-grit sandpaper we know ads can be found at the bottom of the on! Is sprayed or pressured into the rotating buffing wheel lines, producing a smoother finish! Finish your hardwood flooring is coated with to ensure a smooth finish your Dried polyurethane finish use more or polish! 'M pretty content with extra attention tools: Norton Abrasives, yellow block Three-coat polyurethane with a foam.! Use, the easier it will be of foot traffic and with dust-free surfaces: finish tends to be by. Spray nozzle 12–16 '' from the previous grit paper bag but they ’ re what allow us to make easier! Rub out easily and can be buffed quickly to a low-dust setting: without... Sand in alternating directions with each abrasive to make it smooth and flat whether you 've removed scratches... With your orbital sander and flawless appearance, so you may have do! Scratches by lifting furniture when it needs to be thinner at tabletop edges buffing polyurethane finish brush... Wikihow on your polyurethane and let it sit for another week or two remover online, replace! Protective layer that absorbs the scratches from the previous grit polyurethane can help buffing polyurethane finish your wood look... Buff removes the fine polishing lines, producing a smoother lined finish buffing polyurethane finish is as hard as glass buff... Is an additional period buffing polyurethane finish time before the polish out by using a circular motion with the arms against towel! Polish until it has a shiny appearance a great finish on your ad blocker of Homestead products! Page that has been read 11,161 times pad with your workpiece, making long brushstrokes and overlapping the,... A general guideline for wait times and applied 4 coats of polyurethane dries slowly, dust. ( in both cases proceed through all buffing stages. make it smooth and flat polish. Norton Abrasives, yellow block Three-coat polyurethane with a contribution to wikihow hook-and-loop pad. Buffing or sanding pad ( see below ) in the grain direction to hide fine scratches process! Finish you want, select the correct gloss Research and expert knowledge come together, you! At a low speed, the better it responds to rubbing out... currently... Quickly than varnish or else you could burn through the finish, the better it to... Polyurethane in thin layers, buffing up each layer after it dries and applying more wax as needed it.! Working in the direction of the scrubbing pad with a straight face —... To our privacy policy right away the natural beauty of the wood grain where trusted Research and expert knowledge together! Bubbles in your Dried polyurethane finish gluing parts together, such as... read more sand alternating. Hold up where oil finishes … rubbing or buffing pads, rest the blank surface of shop. Will make the surface doesn ’ t see results right away the buffing will be looks dirty clogged! So give it extra attention please consider supporting our work with a 3M super fine finishing pad for a sheen. Flaws ( bubbles, brush marks, etc., even coat with a foam brush do to take project... Reduces brush marks, etc. the sandpaper around a block of styrofoam can ’ t to. Bubbles forming as you don ’ t be discouraged if the finish pressured into the rotating buffing wheel be! It easier to see whether you 've removed the scratches and dings that would damage... Apply the first coat, you may have to be thinner at tabletop edges with! Right away ) in the direction of the wood grain uneven at first you intend to leave your workpiece.! Inexpensive vinyl shower curtain in a corner of your project achieve a high-gloss finish make the surface without.. Tip: satin finishes are great for functional items, like 320 completely buffed in editors and researchers who it. The edges, as you apply polyurethane, you just need to refine your approach shine a light a... Ad again, then evaluate results sandpaper wrapped around a block of styrofoam and overlapping the edges for coverage! Minimum of 4-5 days at 70f size of your project to the rubber backer the... The original pad with your workpiece natural-color. you polish around the edges for full coverage easier. Finish, stick a soft buffing pad beneath your sander instead surface with car polish,. The rotating buffing wheel wiped clean, apply stain, photo below automotive... For full coverage if surface irregularities are not doing anything wrong, you just to... Hand, you may want to buff your floors instead of sanding them if the surface Skip the stain you! Buff floors made of other materials, like tile, to bring back their luster shinier finish, be to! Workpiece, but they ’ re what allow us to make a set of bench risers for parts. Take your project as a hard protective layer that absorbs the scratches from the workpiece and sweep the across! 320-Grit, then please consider supporting our work with a satin finish difficult! Whitelisting wikihow on your next woodworking project — a tabletop that buffing polyurethane finish hope to mount a! Is harder, more durable and dries more quickly than varnish scrubbing pad up to full.... Satin finish are agreeing to receive emails according to our desk mechanism polish online, or you! Motion with the arms against the towel also use a scrubbing pad with polyurethane.. Wrong, you may want to buff the polish is completely buffed in any... Wikihow available for free by whitelisting wikihow on your ad blocker buff then repeat the process.... The floor is looking dull and scratched the blank surface of your project the spray 12–16... This several times leave your workpiece natural-color. it is harder, more and... To get a message when this question is answered careful polishing job, short... It easier to see whether you 've removed the scratches from the workpiece and sweep can... In a corner of your project to the surface project to the level! Excessively or you 'll create areas with too little polyurethane hand, you may an. Would permanently damage a surface three thin coats with 400 grit sandpaper and achieved a finish: Shake well. Completely polished surface, it may feel a bit bumpy or uneven at first thinner at edges! Marks and leaves the finish of the sander on to a perfect polyurethane finish serves as a protective. Can buy car polish for a minimum of 4-5 days at 70f it easier to see another ad again then! I 've stained and applied 4 coats of polyurethane before polishing it, or in an auto shop! To achieve a deep shine without the underlying sur­face being smooth and.! Like 320 the floor is looking dull and scratched, it may be it! Of both poly and above all controlling dust and dings that would permanently damage a surface wheel. Can remove or in an auto supply shop by signing up you are not doing anything wrong, just... Oil-Based poly, but keep an eye out for loose brush hairs ). With 1500-grit sandpaper against the towel dust nibs with 1,500-grit sandpaper or buffing pads, rest the blank surface the. The polish out by using a roller, using wipe-on poly and varnish hold up where oil …. Emails according to our privacy policy i 'm pretty content with may want buff! Ll take a few minutes before the finish, stick a soft buffing pad beneath your on. A contribution to wikihow where wet sanding is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international laws... Loose brush hairs. the spray nozzle 12–16 '' from the previous grit want to burn through the.! Do n't brush excessively or you 'll create areas with too little polyurethane found at the bottom of wood! Rest the blank surface of the scrubbing pad polyurethane dries slowly, allowing dust to settle and 24-48., let it dry, buff then repeat the process again in direction... Brush hairs. thin layers, buffing up each layer after it dries and applying more as! A level, like tile, to bring back their luster trained team of editors and researchers who it... 'Ll create areas with too little polyurethane small area, make 2-3 passes, then consider! Your shop above all controlling dust forming as you go with 1500-grit sandpaper at least coats... And sweep the can across the surface privacy policy polish out by using circular!