Unity of effort is the state of harmonizing efforts among multiple organizations working towards a similar objective. It is also a dynamic process. Co-ordination is the unification and integration of the efforts of group members to provide unity of action in the pursuit of common goals. Since the coordinating function of the management is very important, it is sometimes called the ‘essence’ of management. Co-ordination leads to unity of action. Co-ordination is the unification, integration, synchronization of the efforts of group members so as to provide unity of action in the pursuit of common goals. Here are some reasons which describe the importance of coordination in management:. It makes proper use of the resources. The effective and efficient coordinating of internal and external organizational components help in reducing internal and external complexities and uncertainties in the organization thus increasing productivity, integrating macro and micro level organizational dynamics, connecting of roles among inter and intra organizational groups, bridging performance and trust among competing organizational groups, and defining organizational tasks and their accomplishment. Without harmonized effort or unity of action, achievement of goals in some departments may run counter to that of the other departments, or the timing of achievements may not match properly. All the work in the organization is done in a planned manner without any conflict. Do you think he must be involved in such activities? Unity in Diversity. This function of management is known as ‘coordinating’ function. This preview shows page 17 - 20 out of 220 pages. This enhances the effectiveness and stability of the organization. In fact when the management assigns and groups various activities to the departments, coordinating of the activities is the uppermost in its mind. Coordinating function helps in avoiding cross purpose work since it brings together the human and material resources of the organization. Co-ordination ensures unity in direction in the midst of diversified activities: By bringing together the different divisions and parts into oneness of the enterprise, co­ordination enables the management authority to see the enterprise as one unified whole from its different segments. Management is a group activity. Three groups of employees of Ganga Ltd. are working at different posts. Although only 15 tonnes was needed by, production department. It needs an open, two-way channel of communication. The process by which the organizational management brings unity of action in the organization is called the coordination process. Functional position is associated with a job or function designed to provide specialized knowledge and support operational work. It is the result of conscious and concerted action by management. google_ad_height = 250; In every organization, different types of work are performed by various departments and work groups and no single department or work group on its own can be expected to achieve the goals of the organization as a whole. It is the process of organizing people or groups so that they work together properly and well. departments. Importance of Coordination in Management. Coordination is one of the important functions of management. Hence coordinating the activities becomes a major task of the management in a large organization. According to Charles Worth, “Co-ordination is the integration of several parts into an orderly hole to achieve the purpose of understanding”. Identify the feature of co-ordination being highlighted in the given statement: “Coordination is not a one time function, it begins at the planning stage and continue till controlling.” (a) Coordination ensures unity of action (b) Coordination is an all pervasive function (c) Coordination is a continuous process In a large organization, there are hundreds of employees who work together. Different work is going on different departments at the same time. It is a hidden force which binds all the other functions of management. 14. It encourages the employees to show initiative. Coordination is the function of management which ensures that different departments and groups work in sync. This would reduce unnecessary conflict between superiors and subordinates. 1. Managers practice coordination deliberately so as to give a direction to the efforts of the individuals of the organisation. google_ad_client = "ca-pub-7057920448327527"; Coordination Ensures Unity of Action: Coordination integrates the functions of all departments and ensures that all activities aim at accomplishment of organisational objectives. The marketing manager of Alpha Ltd. fixed the target for all his sales, executives and gave them all the possible authorities to achieve it. Hence, it becomes essential that the activities of different departments and work groups of the organization are harmonized. Due to this, goods were overproduced and were, not accepted by sales department. Due to it, there are several division and sub-division of activities. Enter your e-mail address and your password. Coordination is the essence of management or manager ship, for the achievement of harmony of individual effort towards the accomplish­ment of group goals is the purpose of management. 1. The need for orderliness, integration arises only when more individuals are working as different individuals come … By welding together different departments and sections into one entity, coordinating ensures the stability and growth of an organization. 2. It helps to ensure unity of action in the face of disruptive forces. Composite and orderly effort established through team spirit and executive leadership enables employees to derive a sense of security and personal contentment from their job. It will take less then a minute, Marketing Concepts and Comparison with Selling Concepts, Role of Safety and its Importance in a Steel Organization, Role of Leadership in the Management of Organizations, Technological and other processes/equipments associated with steel industry, Management in steel plant along with training and development, Raw materials and other materials used in steel plants, Bulk Material Storage and Storage Yard Machines. How does coordination ensure unity of action in management? In ABC Ltd., the purchase department purchased 20 tones of raw material, for production department. The main ways of realizing the horizontal relations are (i) direct contact made between mid-level managers or lower in order to coordinate activities and resolve complex tasks, (ii) connection through the liaison agency role exercised by a manager who handle effective communication and continuous coordination between departments performing common tasks, (ii) task forces and interdepartmental work teams are groups set up for solving specific problems. (It acts as the binding force between departments and ensures that all activities are aimed at achieving the goals of the organisation. It acts as the binding force between different departments and ensures that all action is aimed at achieving the goals of the organisation. Vertical coordination is aimed at linking activities at higher levels and lower levels of the management for the achievement of the organizational objectives. Co-ordination does not arise spontaneously or by force. The large size of the organization is often associated with diversification of business activities. It is the process of organizing people or groups so that they work together properly and well. what does it mean? Since the development and deployment of hierarchical lines ease the bridges between departments, offices, departments, workshops with the horizontal relations, it is sometimes called “bridge relations”. It is a hidden force which binds all the other functions of management. This article provides information about the nature/features of coordination in management! In other words, coordinating function is the orderly arrangement of individual and group efforts to provide unity of action in the pursuit of a common goal. It also brings harmony in carrying out the different tasks and activities to achieve the organization’s objectives efficiently. It ensures Unity of Action, it act as a binding force between all the levels of management and ensures that each step is taken to achieve the goals of the organisation. Management ensures through coordinating that there is no difference in actual performance as compared to the standard performance so as to achieve the organizational goals. Coordination is a continuous process as it begins at planning stage and continues till controlling. So there is greater possibility of people working at cross purposes as the unit and sub-unit goals may be considered more important by them than the organizational goals. The degree of centralization of authority reflects the concentration of the upper levels in the organizational structure. Co-ordination is a continuous or on-going process. Coordinating through staffing – Coordinating is part of staffing, because it specifies who will be a staff and its rational placement. All activities should be performed within the framework of policies, procedures etc. Individual interests are sub­ordinated to the common interest more easily and effectively. It ensures unity of action among individuals, work groups and departments, and brings harmony in carrying out the different activities and tasks so as to achieve the organizational goals efficiently. Management always ensures that, for better coordination, the right number of personnel in various positions with right type of education and skills are taken so that there are right men on the right job. Hence, the need for coordinating becomes greater and it becomes a major responsibility for the management. teams]. Therefore, coordination is heartbeat of organization which brings integration of efforts and action among employees in the organization. 4) Controlling ensures coordination of action. Clear Cut Chain of Command: The line of authority should be clearly demarcated. Coordinating through directing – Coordinating is part of directing, because it gives it a clear focus. It enables the executives to see the enterprise as a whole instead of narrow sectional goals. It is required in each and every function and at each and every stage. google_ad_slot = "4743063532"; Coordination ensures unity of action amongst individual and departmental activities. Coordinating function arranges the work and the objectives in such a way that there are minimum conflicts between departments and the individuals. Coordination is the essence of management for the achievement of harmony of individual efforts towards the accomplishment of group goals. 3. Unlike decentralization which standing downward movement of tasks and powers, the delegation is temporary, covering a period set by managers and subordinates. The main aim of every manager is to coordinate the activities and … Coordination and Cooperation Co-ordination is an orderly arrangement of efforts to provide unity of action in the fulfillment of common objective whereas co-operation denotes collective efforts of persons working in an enterprise voluntarily for the achievement of a particular purpose. This is impossible in the physical world, but it is possible in human affairs through coordinating. With the effective implementation of the coordinating function, (i) there is clear definition of internal and external organizational interests and goals which helps in enhancing organizational reputation, (ii) there is utilization of external organizational elements in correspondence with internal organizational elements, (iii) there is an establishment of long term foundation for organizational performance and trust, (iv) there is securing of sustainable organizational relationships among unequal parties in unclear situation, which is often characterized by uncertainty, (v) there is the institutionalization of actions that help in realizing organizational vision, (vi) there is generation of higher profit through the creation of organizational focus, (vii) there is creation of organizational expertise along with strategic contents, (viii) there is the establishment of the competitive advantage for the organization, and (ix) there is establishment of result oriented structures in an organization. – Mooney and Reelay, “Co-ordination is the integration of several parts into an orderly hole to achieve the purpose of understanding”. They, were asked to submit to him their performance report at the end of the, month. Coordination is considered as the essence of management because of following reasons 1. It motivates the employees. Coordination Integrates Group efforts: The concept of coordination always applies to group efforts. Coordination brings unity of action and integrates different activities of organisation. Coordinating function cannot be separated from other functions as described below. Co-ordination is the basic responsibility of management and it can be achieved through the managerial functions. Coordinating function involves synchronization of different efforts of the various departments so that the planned objectives are achieved with minimum conflict. According to management experts, coordinating function of management is necessary since (i) it affects all the functions of management, viz., planning, organizing, and directing etc., and (ii) It is a mother principle of management and all other principles are included in this one principle. When the size and scale of operation is large, there is more number of people and work groups working. Coordination and Cooperation Co-ordination is an orderly arrangement of efforts to provide unity of action in the fulfillment of common objective whereas co-operation denotes collective efforts of persons working in an enterprise voluntarily for the achievement of a particular purpose. By controlling management not only control the actions of employees but also makes sure that they do that maximum output can be obtained. This function of management is known as ‘coordinating’ function. 1. 3. Definition of Coordination. Name the level of management Mr. X belongs to. (b) Co-ordination ensures unity of action: The purpose of co-ordination is to secure unity of action in the realization of a common purpose. Unity of action: – an enterprise has diverse resources; technique, activities etc, and they all must be coordinates to bring unity through unity in action. Explain. Coordination ensures unity of action in the realization of a common objective. ... How it integrates group efforts and ensures unity of action. But, to ensure that their efforts are not in conflict with each other, employees activities are to be harmonized so that there is unity of action. Coordinating also improves workers efficiency since their work does not go waste and produces the desired results. In a large organization, there are hundreds of employees who work together. The significance of coordinating function becomes more important when the size and scale of operation is large in the organization. It provides proper direction to the various departments of the organization by integrating (bringing together) the different activities of the departments for achieving the common goals or objectives of the organization. Management is a group activity. Coordination ensures unity of action by acting as a binding force between departments. (It acts as the, binding force between departments and ensures that all activities are aimed at, Mr. X, the director of a company many times get involved in activities like, procurement of raw material, production and dispatch of goods, employee. It helps unity of action and helps to avoid conflicts between line and staff elements Coordination Need/Importance of Coordination 12. It provides unity of action and helps to avoid conflicts between line and staff elements. Co-ordination is the unification and integration of the efforts of group members to provide unity of action in the pursuit of common goals. Unity of direction: Co-ordination helps to ensure unity of action in the face of disruptive forces and by welding different work groups it facilitates the stability and growth of an organisation. Planning facilitates co-ordination by integrating the various plans through mutual discussion, exchange of ideas. The more efficient coordinating at all the levels of administration results into cohesion which is achieved in a more efficient manner since coordination is a tool of cohesion. It also consists of developing relationship with stakeholders and the environment under which the organization operates. Coordination is the art of achieving har­mony of group efforts for the accomplishment of organizational goals. Coordination is a continuous process as it begins at planning stage and continues till controlling. It determines the expected behaviours of the employees. It is part of organizing, because it takes the first lead. Coordination is one of the important functions of management. Coordination does not come automatically. Unity of Direction/Team work: Coordination helps to ensure unity of action in the face of disruptive forces. Coordination helps to ensure unity of action in the face of disruptive forces. Give reason. It involves coordinating the various job roles and responsibilities of the employees so that they have good relationship with the co-employees while delivering the output. The purpose of giving orders, instructions and guidance to the subordinates is served only when there is a harmony between the superiors and the subordinates. “Co-ordination is orderly arrangement of group efforts to provide unity of action in the pursuit of common goals”. Coordination ensures unity of action by acting as a binding force between departments. It improves inter personnel relations in the organization. The following points highlight the importance of coordinating function of the management (Fig 1). How does coordination ensure unity of action in management?. In an organization, all the departments must operate in an integrated manner so that the organizational goals are duly achieved. Quality of coordination determines the effectiveness of organized efforts. Frequency of use increases the extent of multiplication of horizontal links information processing requirements relating to production. Coordinating through organizing – Coordinating is the very essence of organizing. The large size may also lead problems of supervision and communication. It needs professional, competent leadership, a democratic style that leads to trust, open communication, and ease of information flow. This was, Identify the functions of management described in above paragraph. importance of coordination; class-12; Share It On Facebook Twitter Email. Coordination ensures the functioning of a team as a ... explicit and implicit coordination processes in action. Coordinating helps to improve the efficiency of operations by avoiding overlapping efforts and duplication of work. Coordination fosters loyalty and commitment among employees. 2. The presence of coordination becomes part of their job experience and hence can form a very useful part of their training.” Thus, coordination is indispensable for an effective management. There is no need for coordination when only single individual is working. Fig 1 Importance of coordinating function. It ultimately helps in reconciliation of goals, total accomplishment of organizational objectives, and maintenance of harmonious relationship between different groups and ensuring economy and efficiency in the organization. It encourages team spirit. According to Mooney and Relay, “Co-ordination is an orderly arrangement of group efforts to provide unity of action in the pursuit of common goals”. Different management experts have described the coordinating function of the management in the following way. By controlling management not only control the actions of employees but also makes sure that they do that maximum output can be obtained. It encourages the employees to work as a team and achieve the common objectives of the organization. Coordination encourages team spirit. Co-ordination ensures unity in direction in the midst of diversified activities: By bringing together the different divisions and parts into oneness of the enterprise, co­ordination enables the management authority to see the enterprise as one unified whole from its different segments. Majority of them had written that they wanted the co. to cooperate, in the construction of Dharmsala going on in the city. Q4 How does coordination ensure unity of action in management It acts as the, How does coordination ensure unity of action in management? (b) Co-ordination ensures unity of action: The purpose of co-ordination is to secure unity of action in the realization of a common purpose. This prevents organizations from working at cross purposes and it reduces duplication of effort.Multiple organizations can achieve unity of effort through shared common objectives. Coordinating function of the management has two forms of coordination namely (i) vertical coordination and horizontal coordination. It improves organizational effectiveness. 3. It is a process by which the manager achieves harmonious group effort and unity of action in the pursuit of a common purpose. It needs a constant definition and communication of mission and objectives that are understood by all the managers. Coordination is one of the key functions of management. According to Mary Parker Follett, coordinating is the “Plus-value of the group”. It facilitates motivation. Its performance earns goodwill amongst its stakeholders. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Coordinating function of the management consists of inter-relating the various parts of the work as well as the work of different departments. The heart of co-ordination is the unity of purpose which involves fixing the time and manner of performing various activities. Ensures unity of action: Coordination always emphasises on unifying the actions of different individuals.. It is an orderly synchronisation of individual efforts in a proper manner that the organisational efforts can be achieved efficiently and effectively.Integrates group efforts: The concept of coordination always applies to group efforts. It is not a function of the management, rather it is the essence of management, which is needed at all levels and at each step of the firm, to achieve the objectives of the organization. google_ad_width = 300; It is using environment friendly, methods of production and disposes off the waste material by either, recycling it or using the same for landfill in such a manner that aquatic, life is not disturbed. 4) Controlling ensures coordination of action. Coordinating function is an essential function for achieving a balanced organizational performance. Community development, Accomplishment of social responsibility]. They will feel that they have a place in the organization. The marketing, manager placed this demand before the Board of Directors. In this way it helps to minimize the wastage of resources in the organization and thus make possible the optimum utilization of resources. Which objective is being highlighted here? Different work is going on different departments at the same time. It is a function of managers in all departments and branches of the organization, and applies to all the levels of the management. It results into higher efficiency and economy in the organization. | EduRev Commerce Question is disucussed on EduRev Study Group by 121 Commerce Students. As a result, some goods remained, unsold. The nature of coordination is of creating unity in action. The concept of coordinating always applies to group efforts. /* 300x250, created 1/18/11 */ (a) Top level (b) No, as these are routine jobs (c) setting goals, formulating, Management of Global Ltd. fulfills all its objectives and the organisation, is able to work effectively and efficiently. By welding together different departments and sections into one entity, coordination ensures the stability and growth of an organisation. State any other 2 objectives which they should fulfill? There is the synergetic effect of the coordinating function. Since the coordinating is done through people, with people and between people, it helps in removing misunderstanding between the people and thus improving the inter personnel relationship between the employees. Ask questions, doubts, problems and we will help you. The sales Executive also wrote in, their report what the expectations of the customers from the company, were. Coordination is one of the key functions of management. Through coordinating function the performance of the organization improves and it produces goods which are more acceptable to the customers. It also provides employment opportunities to the, Identify the objective of management which the company is fulfilling. Coordinating gives complete freedom to the employees. On the receipt of report, the expected, and actual results of sales executives were compared, on this basis, future course of action was decided. This may be due to a large number of different types of products being produced. Quality of coordination determines the effectiveness of organized efforts. By facilitating the transfer of information between organizational sub-units positioned on the same levels, horizontal coordination mechanisms supplement the actions of specific vertical coordination traditional pyramid hierarchy. Through the ispatguru.com website I share my knowledge and experience gained through my association with the steel industry for over 54 years. 3. Formalization is the extent to which the organizational policies, tactics, rules, job descriptions and other official documents, on which the clear operational decisions are taken. This can be achieved if coordination is resorted to in the early stages of planning and policy-making itself. Similarly, conflicts are also between individual objectives and organizational objectives. 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