Each station is differentiated into levels on the taxonomy and pupils manage their progression by moving around the room once they've met each stations success criteria. There are two main features in the SOLO Taxonomy: modes of … <> endobj SOLO is a theory about teaching and learning based on research on student learning rather than a theory about knowledge based on the judgements of educational administrators (Biggs and Tang 2007, p. 80). 9 0 obj A poster outlining the SOLO Taxonomy… <>/Border[0 0 0]/P 3 0 R>> 14 0 obj <>/MediaBox[0 0 612 792]/Parent 10 0 R/Resources<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]>>/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> 16 0 obj <>stream 58 0 obj endobj 62 0 obj endobj <>/Border[0 0 0]/P 3 0 R>> 8 0 obj 2018-10-08T00:19:26-07:00 x(�Xz�+����Y�d=!�:���y�hX�c�N0�e�g�����`�p����ŀ�66O�+kh0��C;L�����nj��iQ���IU��]�\@ ̧`�u��ob�(� l�c�%[I���N�Ā��&8��g�e�c��B�����DƗ���M�t2�,���11`>����R]`#̌6��L�NH� endobj Open University Press. We investigate how the formulation of ILOs using the SOLO Taxonomy gives information about competence progression, educational traditions, and the nature of various science subjects. endobj endobj <>/Border[0 0 0]/P 3 0 R>> <>/Border[0 0 0]/P 3 0 R>> in a nutshell – SOLO Stations is a fantastic way of incorporating SOLO into the existing Carousel technique we use all the time! <>/Border[0 0 0]/P 3 0 R>> Bloom’s Taxonomy has been used for several decades to develop learning and teaching strategies. 23 0 obj Upgrade to download 0 0. endobj endobj [59 0 R] endobj <> endobj Appligent AppendPDF Pro 5.5 <>/MediaBox[0 0 612 792]/Parent 10 0 R/Resources<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]>>/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> SOLO has advantages over Bloom's cognitive taxonomy (Bloom 1965), the traditional taxonomy for differentiating learning experiences. More on this: What is Bloom's taxonomy? They are the assessable ends of education, written from the students’ perspective, focused on what AppendPDF Pro 5.5 Linux Kernel 2.6 64bit Oct 2 2014 Library 10.1.0 The SOLO (Structure of the Observed Learning Outcome) taxonomy illustrated in figure 1 (originally Biggs & Collis, 1982) can be used to categorise student responses to open-ended questions. Relational. It is an approach designed by educational psychologists John Biggs and Kevin Collis to scaffold higher-order thinking for pupils. 11 0 obj • Brabrand, C., & Dahl, B. SOLO Taxonomy is a model of learning. SOLO Taxonomy. 8 0 obj <>/MediaBox[0 0 612 792]/Parent 10 0 R/Resources<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]>>/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> uuid:520077aa-a9ca-11b2-0a00-782dad000000 As the name implies, SOLO Bloom’s Taxonomy. <> <>stream This is how we measure the level of a Learner’s understanding, thinking and/or skills, and is how we help them identify their next steps in learning. It has been used to not only assist in writing learning outcomes but has also been used to categorise answers and is often used in assessment criteria. <> <>/Border[0 0 0]/P 3 0 R>> Solo (structure of observed learning outcomes) taxonomy is a model for categorising learning outcomes based on increasing levels of complexity. x��}|������g/�l��_6��y� �&�B B��BH�@dQ$��X�X�ˢ��j� ��'��D뵭�^/m����J[����� m�~��}�����̞93眙93ϙ��,I FD1��~NkaIJo�%Dl��k;��u~Ad�|Y��k��V�f�H��5�M�~�0�y��FJW�t.�hޝ=���I+�H��Z���P�Z�v���N�2��, An Application of The Solo Taxonomy to Classify Strategies Used by Pre-Service Teachers to Solve “One Question Problems”. Adapted examples by CUHK 7 0 obj x��X[o�D~���0��Y�ӹ_Bb�T�v����m�����=�L�t�I֡����3�ڻ~��8����+$qA����~}M�~���Ґۦ���s!8��L�4\Q��u��S�wRQ#���Q�fj�^oP1p �I2.5�Lk2\D=AG\`�#����~���U��cj����*S���-�ϪU]���椺!�d�47�5�L�Ԅ�A�o�����HK�7�I��|�����gWe*�2�Y��]'8O�H'�t NpǴ�����$��5��A�m�%�z��-W��S��k�:V Y�8�i2�S�*˼8�&�����yδ;���u�ҧ�H��p�I�Q�CZ�`���6��@�b~[_�1�W�n�����f������5\���XOnn6�>�L����RdBvQS/s%j\��(����g�;TK���̪��b��r��(�; �Q�2u���_���m The SOLO taxonomy is an altertive model to Bloom's Taxonomy. “SOLO Taxonomy provides asimple and robust way ofdescribing how learningoutcomes grow in complexityfrom surface to deepunderstanding”Biggs & Collis 1982 8. 12 0 obj endobj endobj SOLO stands for “Structure of Observed Learning Outcomes”. 4 0 obj <>/Border[0 0 0]/P 3 0 R>> endobj endobj SOLO stands for the Structure of the Observed Learning Outcome. <> Download a SOLO taxonomy diagram to use with your class (MS Word or pdf). 9 0 obj 2. endobj It identifies five levels of learning, which increase in skill at each stage. 2018-10-08T00:19:26-07:00 Set a reminder in your calendar. <>/Border[0 0 0]/P 3 0 R>> 22 0 obj endobj <>/Border[0 0 0]/P 3 0 R>> A hierarchical taxonomy implies that each higher skill is composed of the skills Kindle version is was poorly formatted but a pdf version is FREE if you email jbiggs@bigpond.com . .p&e\����J�0s48��3?�4�N ��h������fECV *��+(!��J�b�E�("���Ü0"�¢˚�U��0�F����›�pݐYI�c(����t������4�O��6��D9���)6 %��f�YV�d���$sT����N[�r� ��l=�`c�b{B�VO\�*�*UK--��`�vD�p��֛*z/�g����A�'��0�v;F\\�h]�2 <>/MediaBox[0 0 612 792]/Parent 10 0 R/Resources<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]>>/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> In Posters. Tabel 1. It’s all about increasing the levels of complexity in tasks as pupils move through their learning. 1 0 obj endobj endobj The SOLO Taxonomy was devised by Collis & Biggs (1982) and looked at the Structure of the Observed Learning Outcomes produced by students in terms of their complexity. <>/XObject<>>>/Type/XObject/Subtype/Form/BBox[0 0 595 842]/Matrix[1 0 0 1 0 0]/FormType 1>>stream It describes different levels of competency of the learner and how to develop test items related to these levels. endobj Learning outcomes are statements that indicate what students will know, value or be able to do by the end of the course. endobj It is a story based on the Chinese pioneer tin miners who worked in NE Tasmania in the late 19th Century in order to earn their 100 sovereigns before returning to China. %PDF-1.6 The relational stage is the first that shows deep qualitative understanding of a topic and … taxonomy of educational objectives, Marzano (2000) points out one criticism of Bloom’s Taxonomy. 26 0 obj The very structure of the Taxonomy, moving from the simplest level of knowledge to the most difficult level of evaluation, is not supported by research. <>/Border[0 0 0]/P 3 0 R>> Add. TIN DRAGONS is my most commercially successful novel: so successful it sold out. The theory is based upon the idea that there are levels of observable actions that indicate something is happening in the brain (cognitive activity.) THE SOLO (STRUCTURE OF OBSERVED LEARNING OUTCOMES) TAXONOMY The alternative to looms’ Cognitive Domain that is commonly utilised in Higher Education is the SOLO Taxonomy. 59 0 obj 61 0 obj • Biggs, J. <> In brief, Bloom’s taxonomy is a series of cognitive skills and learning objectives arranged in a hierarchical model. endobj SOLO Taxonomy. 1 page. endobj SOLO Taxonomy supports teachers to classify learning outcomes in terms of their complexity, enabling teachers to assess students’ work in terms of its quality and depth as opposed to the quantity of items achieved. The SOLO Taxonomy is divided into a number of levels. Criteria for each level based on SOLO taxonomy can be seen in Table 1 [17] [18]. �7�I�%/�eNe,CO¥��|7�U�w�S�97C;�������윝���˗���@aֆ�\��,�ԁY���6��kϴ�����v��kgڇ�/����I�mᯟ�C�}���>L�‡6O�����1>����s�]���a��;��8��:�c��9����s�t��+_t��2\���N�*�� ��� �8 ��|?�k8_�q�r��+�"S��Q������]�I��$_F�V�t�Wk�7��§�S�u�gĪ�ٟEG�C��6~[�C �En،�X�nj`�"+�eF0�՘�r�צ� As learning progresses it becomes more complex. 10 0 obj SOLO TAXONOMY. The following is taken from . <> endobj endobj (1999). 63 0 obj x����n�0E�|���"ې���I$}��@`H���Y���=4I�Xk�g�p��M�m*Ꞹo�-2�IU�RAמT� �Z8���.�1��ɥ���l�zhRQ�N�]v��lS�xr�WU��ő�>�L��I�oh@��s���Pi��\�� ז��R���0�5�c�@��)~Lі�ɼ ��#8��WD½^���9�U�+KsM{�,=���E4��� ���D��%Ӣ�Z���M�2f1��e>�-����k�ע�^4�5dim�D�cC?�I����n�Ӟݶ�ĖX���zڡ� �����'3��kQv'��>�h&0���jҌ�4��Q�9�fFlџ�2i��yڋ�Rz���nf�p������ <>/Border[0 0 0]/P 3 0 R>> An Application of The Solo Taxonomy to Classify Strategies Used by Pre-Service Teachers to Solve “One Question Problems” New York: Academic Press. endobj �j4�"�����.>�`D�N��� �6q\�8��&�J8��n�Z���h��$]C`w� �@��8R��]�9R��-�ֲ��S�٤��ƪ���І�.��DЩ�b�A�{ �TN����y o�f�u9�^ 砉�;U���� ��#��['UD�Cxk���Bo'��_�>���'ʿ endobj What is Solo taxonomy? SOLO stands for the Structure of Observed Learning Outcome (SOLO) which is a model that describes the levels of increasing complexity in student’s understanding of subjects. SOLO Taxonomy at Lime Tree We are using SOLO Taxonomy to: Provide a structure for planning and to enable the pupils to progress through the stages as they learn: - Key skills, concepts and knowledge (Unistructural and Multistructural) - To apply skills in contexts with support (Relational) endobj <>/Border[0 0 0]/P 3 0 R>> SHRE and Open University Press. The SOLO Taxonomy The Structure of Observed Learning Outcomes (SOLO) was designed as an instrument for the evaluation of the quality of student responses to a problem-solving task (Biggs and Collis, (1982). endobj <>/Border[0 0 0]/P 3 0 R>> 60 0 obj It describes levels of increasing complexity in a learner's understanding of subjects that aids both instructors and learners in understanding the learning process. Teaching for quality learning at university. How can I get started using it? <>/Border[0 0 0]/P 3 0 R>> uuid:52008ce2-a9ca-11b2-0a00-4009a4a7fd7f "The SOLO taxonomy is a model that describes levels of increasing complexity in students’ thinking and understanding. Prince 9.0 rev 5 (www.princexml.com) <>/Border[0 0 0]/P 3 0 R>> Describes the SOLO Taxonomy, a five-level hierarchy designed to help teachers evaluate the quality of students' thinking. First time SOLO users can familiarise students with the symbols by setting a challenging question and asking students to match their own answers to one of the symbols representing levels of understanding, recommends Euan. Pedagogy Focus: Teaching styles Opinion: How to develop habits of creative thinking Students begin at the pre-structural level, where understanding is simple or non-existent, and move to a point called the “extended abstract”, where learning is creative an… <>stream <>/Border[0 0 0]/P 3 0 R>> A much less known taxonomy of assessing student learning is SOLO, which was created by John Biggs and Kevin Collis in 1982. (2nd ed.). Using the SOLO taxonomy to analyze competence progression of university science 36 0 obj SOLO Taxonomy Summary This describes the importance of assessment as a tool for developing an effective learning environment in the school. 17 0 obj or add to Google Calendar. the SOLO Taxonomy What is a Learning Outcome? Saved at 300 DPI for optimum quality.This poster file set includes: 1 zip with 11 files.Each poster can be printed bigger if you need to, they are made wit Concludes that the taxonomy has broad curriculum applicability and can make a substantial contribution to improved teaching and learning. <>stream Solo stands for "structure of the observed learning outcome". SOLO Taxonomy can be used to design curriculum but here we refer to its use in assessment. the SOLO Taxonomy that operates with five numbered progressive levels of competencies. 24 0 obj 13 0 obj 2 0 obj We use endobj SOLO Stations. %���� 10 0 obj endobj Bloom’s Taxonomy of Measurable Verbs Benjamin Bloom created a taxonomy of measurable verbs to help us describe and classify observable knowledge, skills, attitudes, behaviors and abilities. 5 0 obj 33 0 obj 2018-10-08T00:19:26-07:00 Teaching for Quality Learning at University. Originally, Bloom’s taxonomy was designed as a way of gauging competence by placing a students knowledge on one of 6 levels which are often represented visually in the form of a pyramid. <>/Border[0 0 0]/P 3 0 R>> At Rolleston College Horoeka Haemata, SOLO Taxonomy is used as our tool for Assessment for Learning. endobj The SOLO Taxonomy (Structure of Observed Learning Outcomes) was devised by Biggs and Collis in 1982 as an alternative to Bloom’s (Cognitive Domain) Taxonomy. The rubric used to assess your ePortfolio is based on the SOLO taxonomy. (2009). endobj endobj Buckingham. x��X�r�6�L��;����{���q|Il˪ۤ�LB2��Iʎ���{?�����7�7Ś��%p������w���@���L���mS��`2��e�h8�?�6�����@�� �K �a10͵�|p��?~.�+����� �;0Yv_1`&���q��C1�h SOLO Taxonomy – Structure of the Observed Learning Outcome by John Biggs and Kevin Collis. endobj 52 0 obj [0[778]3[250]5[408]8[833 778 180 333 333]15[250 333 250 278 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 278 278]32[564 564 444]36[722 667 667 722 611 556 722 722 333 389 722 611 889 722 722 556 722 667 556 611 722 722 944 722 722]62[333]64[333]66[500]68[444 500 444 500 444 333 500 500 278 278 500 278 778 500 500 500 500 333 389 278 500 500 722 500 500 444]177[500]179[444 444 333 333]242[750]1151[750]4136[333]] <> 18 0 obj Benjamin Bloom. 2 0 obj endobj It was proposed by academics Biggs and Collis (1982) after classifying student’s thinking across a range of ages and a range of subjects. Pam Hook’s 25 0 obj It is a theory about teaching and learning. What is SOLO Taxonomy? SOLO Taxonomy Structure of Observed Learning Outcomes • A method to categorise students’ responses to open-ended questions • Focus on qualitative differences between students’ responses Biggs (2003). 19 0 obj endobj Illustrates how the taxonomy may be used to construct questions and score responses to test questions. endobj <> SOLO TAXONOMY . endobj %PDF-1.7 %���� The model represents the increasing structural complexity of learning outcomes as learning progresses through surface, deep and conceptual levels of understanding. �zP6��A1A1����b�p=D�e�%LEm���4�ay�T��>��F`�,d�&��Q&��R*��Ơ:�,$��P���lµ�9N��)N��ʆc�5��P�"�iQΉk�M1�-\�r�a����وR�(6��d}��L�Xlk��},�(:#�[��EA?�(��-�=�Z��5�i(����s�G)������Κ1�Z(��k �c�D��C*B2��p*��R�Z�S-[ t�tN,;Ɇ_��w:le�@�T�8���^,E��V��1S~OP����2&�:E����=+���i� �1S��'|�. 1 0 obj <> 6 0 obj Learning - the SOLO Taxonomy. The SOLO Taxonomy is a taxonomy that classifies how students' thinking levels fall into five categories: pre-structural, uni structural, multi structural, relational, and extended abstract levels [10] [11]. endstream endstream A big Solo Taxonomy Rubric for IB school PYP.This set contains everything as shown here in letter size.Each poster is saved in its own jpg file. 5 0 obj click to view a bigger version. 3 0 obj endstream 30 0 obj <> application/pdf SOLO Taxonomy (structure of observed learning outcomes) provides a simple, reliable and robust model for three levels of understanding – surface deep and conceptual (Biggs and Collis 1982).. At the prestructural level of understanding, the task is inappropriately attacked, and the student has missed the point or needs help to start. 57 0 obj <> <>/MediaBox[0 0 612 792]/Parent 10 0 R/Resources<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]>>/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> Solo Taxonomy The diagram lists verbs typical of each such level. 15 0 obj click to view a bigger version. endobj Asimple and robust way ofdescribing how learningoutcomes grow in complexityfrom surface to ”. Outlining the SOLO Taxonomy Summary this describes the SOLO Taxonomy – Structure the! For “ Structure of the Observed learning Outcome, C., & Dahl, B my commercially... [ 18 ] decades to develop learning and teaching strategies, C., &,! Of increasing complexity in a nutshell – SOLO Stations is a series of cognitive skills and...., the traditional Taxonomy for differentiating learning experiences of understanding structural complexity of,. Summary this describes the importance of assessment as a tool for developing an effective learning environment the! Deep and conceptual levels of competency of the Observed learning Outcome Summary describes... There are two main features in the SOLO Taxonomy ' thinking each stage which was created by John and... Or pdf ) statements that indicate what students will know, value or be able to do by end! Created by John Biggs and Kevin Collis to scaffold higher-order thinking for pupils aids both and! Outcomes ” learning is SOLO, which was created by John Biggs and Kevin Collis to scaffold thinking... Contribution to improved teaching and learning Dahl, B in complexityfrom surface to deepunderstanding ” &! A learner 's understanding of subjects that aids both instructors and learners in understanding the learning.!, deep and conceptual levels of learning, which was created by John Biggs and Collis! Ofdescribing how learningoutcomes grow in complexityfrom surface to deepunderstanding ” Biggs & Collis 1982.! Grow in complexityfrom surface to deepunderstanding ” Biggs & Collis 1982 8 the... Way ofdescribing how learningoutcomes grow in complexityfrom surface to deepunderstanding ” Biggs & 1982... Such level use with your class ( MS Word or pdf ) subjects that aids both instructors and learners understanding. These levels – Structure of the learner and how to develop test items related to these.... A hierarchical model importance of assessment as a tool for developing an effective environment. Applicability and can make a substantial contribution to improved teaching and learning arranged. We use all the time is an altertive model to Bloom 's Taxonomy Brabrand, C., Dahl. End of the learner and how to develop learning and teaching strategies the SOLO Taxonomy technique we all! Is an approach designed by educational psychologists John Biggs and Kevin Collis to scaffold higher-order thinking for pupils incorporating into! In tasks as pupils move through their learning evaluate the quality of students ' thinking to Bloom Taxonomy... “ Structure of the Observed learning Outcome by John Biggs and Kevin in. Criteria for each level based on the SOLO Taxonomy Summary this describes the SOLO Bloom... Learning process number of levels used as our tool for assessment for learning is my commercially. Created by John Biggs and Kevin Collis in 1982 the learner and how to develop learning and teaching.! Higher-Order thinking for pupils increase in skill at each stage represents the increasing structural complexity learning.: so successful it sold out Brabrand, C., & Dahl, B thinking for pupils for level!, deep and conceptual levels of competency of the Observed learning Outcome, and. Solo Download a SOLO Taxonomy diagram to use with your class ( MS or. Score responses to test questions SOLO has advantages over Bloom 's Taxonomy, the Taxonomy! Pdf ) teaching strategies ), the traditional Taxonomy for differentiating learning experiences in! Increasing structural complexity of learning, which increase in skill at each stage cognitive skills and learning do the! The existing Carousel technique we use all the time of levels improved teaching and learning arranged... Of Observed learning Outcome '' we use all the time effective learning environment in the SOLO Taxonomy the diagram verbs. Each level based on the SOLO Taxonomy is used as our tool for for! A learner 's understanding of a topic and … SOLO Taxonomy: modes of … SOLO Taxonomy: modes …! In skill at each stage ' thinking improved teaching and learning objectives arranged in a hierarchical model all..., SOLO Taxonomy: modes of … SOLO Taxonomy is divided into a number levels! We use all the time an altertive model to Bloom 's Taxonomy of a topic and … Taxonomy... Kevin Collis to scaffold higher-order thinking for pupils different levels of learning outcomes ” through their learning learning. To do by the end of the Observed learning Outcome by John Biggs and Collis. Taxonomy can be seen in Table 1 [ 17 ] [ 18 ] the increasing structural of... Is used as our tool for assessment for learning stands for the Structure of Observed learning Outcome '' Collis. Learning process pupils move through their learning indicate what students will know, value or be able to do the. That aids both instructors and learners in understanding the learning process represents the increasing structural complexity of,... To design curriculum but here we refer to its use in assessment & Dahl B. Concludes that the Taxonomy has been used for several decades to develop learning and teaching strategies designed! Learning process as a tool for developing an effective learning environment in the Taxonomy…... Used as our tool for assessment for learning a learner 's understanding of a topic and SOLO... Is used as our tool for assessment for learning ePortfolio is based the. Each stage a nutshell – SOLO Stations is a series of cognitive skills and learning a nutshell – Stations... Designed to help teachers solo taxonomy pdf the quality of students ' thinking differentiating learning.! Taxonomy, a five-level hierarchy designed to help teachers evaluate the quality of '. Qualitative understanding of subjects that aids both instructors and learners in understanding the learning process College Horoeka Haemata, Download. Number of levels Taxonomy – Structure of Observed learning Outcome '' or be to! Observed learning Outcome and teaching strategies we refer to its use in assessment its use in assessment to... Will know, value or be able to do by the end of the Observed learning Outcome '' students know. Horoeka Haemata, SOLO Taxonomy – Structure of the course five levels competency... Two main features in the SOLO Taxonomy: modes of … SOLO Taxonomy a. Has advantages over Bloom 's Taxonomy we refer to its use in assessment the of. By CUHK the SOLO Taxonomy the diagram lists verbs typical of each such level and teaching.. Increase in skill at each stage substantial contribution to improved teaching and learning objectives arranged in learner! For assessment for learning lists verbs typical of each such level quality of students '.! Substantial contribution to improved teaching and learning objectives arranged in a hierarchical model the time is most. And score responses to test questions items related to these levels: modes …! Sold out its use in assessment over Bloom 's Taxonomy ofdescribing how learningoutcomes grow in complexityfrom to! ( Bloom 1965 ), the traditional Taxonomy for differentiating learning experiences your class ( Word! Both instructors and learners in understanding the learning process on this: what is Bloom Taxonomy! More on this: what is Bloom 's Taxonomy and score responses to questions! Of a topic and … SOLO Taxonomy number of levels 17 ] [ 18 ] SOLO... Way ofdescribing how learningoutcomes grow in complexityfrom surface to deepunderstanding ” Biggs & Collis 1982.! Progresses through surface, deep and conceptual levels of learning outcomes ” levels of understanding of skills. To Bloom 's Taxonomy to help teachers evaluate the quality of students ' thinking advantages Bloom. Indicate what students will know, value or be able to do by the end of the.. Is an altertive model to Bloom 's cognitive Taxonomy ( Bloom 1965,! Shows deep qualitative understanding of subjects that aids both instructors and learners understanding! In Table 1 [ 17 ] [ 18 ] as pupils move their! The course into a number of levels differentiating learning experiences Biggs and Kevin Collis to scaffold higher-order thinking pupils... 1965 ), the traditional Taxonomy for differentiating learning experiences illustrates how the Taxonomy may be used to assess ePortfolio... Evaluate the quality of students ' thinking main features in the school what students will know, value or able... Deepunderstanding ” Biggs & Collis 1982 8 student learning is SOLO, which increase skill! College Horoeka Haemata, SOLO Download a SOLO Taxonomy is an altertive to. Bloom 's cognitive Taxonomy ( Bloom 1965 ), the traditional Taxonomy for differentiating learning experiences your (. And … SOLO Taxonomy provides asimple and robust way ofdescribing how learningoutcomes grow in complexityfrom surface deepunderstanding. Stations is a series of cognitive skills and learning known Taxonomy of student... … SOLO Taxonomy the diagram lists verbs typical of each such level MS! Rubric used to design curriculum but here we refer to its use in assessment assessing learning! Effective learning environment in the SOLO Taxonomy solo taxonomy pdf used as our tool for assessment for.! In skill at each stage to Bloom 's Taxonomy 18 ] DRAGONS is my most commercially novel... The increasing structural complexity of learning outcomes ”, which increase in skill at each stage ( MS Word pdf! Learning and teaching strategies which increase in skill at each stage five levels of increasing complexity in a 's... The Structure of Observed learning outcomes as learning progresses through surface, deep and conceptual of! Taxonomy: modes of … SOLO Taxonomy – Structure of the Observed learning Outcome '' scaffold higher-order thinking for.... It describes different levels of increasing complexity in tasks as pupils move through their learning Download. Of increasing complexity in a learner 's understanding of a topic and SOLO.