[62] Christians receive the Fruits of the Holy Spirit by means of his mercy and grace. The Holy Spirit has life (Romans 8:2), has a will (1 Corinthians 12:11), is omniscient (1 Corinthians 2:10–11), is eternal (Hebrews 9:14), and is omnipresent (Psalm 139:7). [56], In the New Testament, by the power of the Holy Spirit Jesus was conceived in the womb of the Virgin Mary, while maintaining her virginity. 1 He possesses emotions, intellect and will. [73] During the next few centuries, two distinctive schools of thought were gradually shaped, Eastern and Western. But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, long-suffering, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, meekness, self-control; against such there is no law. [8] 1 John 4:1–6 provides the separation between spirits "that confesseth that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is of God" and those who in error refuse it – an indication of their being evil spirits. ...Whatever, therefore, is spoken of God in respect to Himself, is both spoken singly of each Person, that is, of the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Spirit; and together of the Trinity itself, not plurally but in the singular. [19] Pneuma appears 105 times in the four canonical gospels, 69 times in the Acts of the Apostles, 161 times in the Pauline epistles, and 50 times elsewhere. It is a supernatural act. [81][82], The Filioque debate centers around whether the Nicene Creed should state that the Spirit "proceeds from the Father" and then have a stop, as the creed was initially adopted in Greek (and followed thereafter by the Eastern Church), or should say "from the Father and the Son" as was later adopted in Latin and followed by the Western Church, filioque being "and from the Son" in Latin. [35][36] Although the ruach ha-kodesh may be named instead of God, it was conceived of as being something distinct; and, like everything earthly that comes from heaven, the ruach ha-kodesh is composed of light and fire. The Bible says that He is not something ... How does the Holy Spirit work? After his Resurrection Christ told his disciples, "You will receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you" (Acts 1:8). [78], Christian denominations have doctrinal variations in their beliefs regarding the Holy Spirit. And the Lord–who is the Spirit–makes us more and more like Him as we are changed into His glorious image. 'Helper', this is considered to be the Holy Spirit. The disciples didn't become Christians until John 20:22 when Jesus breathed the Holy Spirit into them. Copyright © 2021 Multiply Media, LLC. A well-known example is the Filioque controversy regarding the Holy Spirit – one of the key differences between the teachings of the main Western Churches and various Eastern Christian denominations (Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, Church of the East). In Christian theology, pneumatology refers to the study of the Holy Spirit. What was the weather in Pretoria on 14 February 2013? The Bible mentions the Holy Spirit but In Gen.1:2 God's spirit hovered over the form of lifeless matter, thereby making the Creation possible. [13][14], The theology of spirits is called pneumatology. Like pneuma, they both refer to the breath, to its animating power, and to the soul. [107][108], Dove representation in the Baptism of Christ by Pietro Perugino, circa 1498, Representation as both dove and flames, Ravensburg, Germany, 1867, Ray of light representation in Russian icon of the Pentecost, 15th century, Cathedral in Hradec Králové, Czech Republic, The third person of the Trinity in trinitarian Christianity, This article is about the Christian view of the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit was present in the Old Testament. What is the balance equation for the complete combustion of the main component of natural gas? [53], The Holy Spirit is credited with inspiring believers and allowing for them to interpret all the sacred scripture, and leads prophets both in Old Testament and New Testament. The English terms "Holy Ghost" and "Holy Spirit" are complete synonyms: one derives from the Old English gast and the other from the Latin loanword spiritus. Around 93 times, the reference is to the Holy Spirit,[19] sometimes under the name pneuma and sometimes explicitly as the pneûma tò Hagion (Πνεῦμα τὸ Ἅγιον). Paul said to Titus, “Not by works of righteousness which we have done but according to His mercy He saved us, through the washing of regeneration and renewing of the Holy Spirit” (Titus 3:5). The dove also parallels the one that brought the olive branch to Noah after the deluge, as a symbol of peace. [86] The more recent Charismatic movements have a focus on the "gifts of the Spirit" (such as healing, prophecy, etc.) 683–686), ARTICLE 8. In Psalm David asks God not to take … That He is the third Person of the Holy Trinity is made clear by His inclusion with the Father and the Son in such Bible passages as Matthew 28:19. Matthew 10:20 refers to the same act of speaking through the disciples, but uses the term "Spirit of your Father". 63:10–11, it had not yet acquired quite the same meaning which was attached to it in rabbinical literature: in the latter it is equivalent to the expression "Spirit of the Lord". The Holy Spirit does not simply appear for the first time at Pentecost after the ... Ye shall receive power, when the Holy Spirit is come upon you", referring to the fulfillment of the prophecy of John the Baptist in Luke 3:16, "he shall baptize you in the Holy Spirit". What did women and children do at San Jose? The "seven gifts of the Holy Spirit"[76] are poured out on a believer at baptism, and are traditionally derived from Isaiah 11:1–2, although the New Testament does not refer to Isaiah 11:1–2 regarding these gifts. [77] Galatians 5:22–23 names nine aspects and states:[77]. [93], The Church teaches that the influence of the Holy Ghost can be received before baptism, but the gift, or constant companionship, of the Holy Ghost, which comes by the laying-on of hands by a properly ordained Priesthood Holder with a line of authority traced back to Christ through Peter, is obtained only after baptism. [16][17] In the book of the Acts of the Apostles the arrival of the Holy Spirit happens fifty days after the resurrection of the Christ, and is celebrated in Christendom with the feast of Pentecost.[18]. I believe as you do that when we became saved God sealed the Holy Spirit within us. [72] During the same time, the question of procession of the Holy Spirit was addressed by various Christian theologians, expressing diverse views and using different terminology, thus initiating the debate that became focused on the Filioque clause. 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